- Rules of Craps
- What Can Players Bet on in Craps?
- Important Tips for Craps Players
- Craps Terminology (Craps Glossary)
- History of Craps
Craps (Craps Shooting, Seven Eleven) is American dice game, in which a player (the “shooter”) places their bet (“Banco”) on the traditionally long Craps table and rolls two dice. In doing so, both dice must bounce off the wall surrounding the table in order for the roll to be counted. Both the shooter and the other players at the table can place bets on the roll. Those new to the game of Craps are often overwhelmed by the large number of different betting possibilities available. Don’t let this deter you!
The most fundamental Craps bet is the Pass Line Bet and this is what most players usually play. Once you understand this bet you can play. Over time, the more familiar you become with the Craps table and the different ways of betting, the more you can use varying tactics to optimize your winnings. Why don't you practice in the play-money modus, which can be done in most online casinos such as William Hill Casino for example. As soon as you feel fit to play for real money simply sign up for a real-money account.
Craps can be divided into a Coming Out Phase and a Point Phase. The first round begins with the Shooter’s first roll, which is called the “Come Out.” If they don’t lose this bet, the Shooter can continue rolling until he or she loses a point roll (see below). If the Shooter wins or loses depends on the kind of bet they had originally placed.
- PASS LINE. If you place your chips on the Pass Line area of the table before the Come Out, you win right away if the Shooter rolls a “natural” (the dice show a combined value of 7 or 11). However if a “Craps” (2, 3 or 12) is rolled, you lose your bet automatically. If the dice roll a 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 then the Shooter is said to have rolled a Point. To win, he or she must now attempt to roll the same value before rolling a 7, no matter how many rolls are required. Don’t forget that 7 is the most probable roll as it has the highest number of possible combinations out of all rolls made with two dice. The payout rate of a Pass Line Bet is 1:1. The house edge is around 1.41%.
- DON'T PASS LINE. Casino players that put their money on “Don’t Pass Line” win at a payout rate of 1:1 if the Shooters first roll is a Craps (2 or 3) and loses if the roll is a natural (7 or 11). This bet is essentially the opposite of the Pass Line bet, with the only exception being that the roll of a 12 means a tie or “Push.” Should this occur, you receive your bet back. The house edge amounts to 1.40%.
- COME. Similar to the Pass Line bet, this bet wagers that the Shooter will roll a 7, 11 or a Point (4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10) and that they will repeat this roll before rolling a 7. The difference to the Pass Line bet is that a Come bet is placed until after a point value has been determined, whereas a Pass-Line bet must be made before the Shooter’s Come Out roll.
- DON'T COME. This bet is equivalent to the Don’t Pass Line wager, the only difference being – as in the Come bet – that the wager can not be placed until after the Point value has been rolled.
Other betting possibilities and the corresponding payout rates may vary from casino to casino, especially in online Craps games.
- ODDS BETS. Additional bets, which are placed directly after the Come Out are known as Odds Bets. These bets are laid on the table behind or below the original bet amount, outside of the Pass Line boundary. In most online casinos, up to twice or three times the original betting amount may be placed on an Odds Bets. With combined Odds Bets, you can reduce the house advantage from 1.4% to 0.6% as these bets are offered with fair odds (without a house edge).
- ODDS BETS after PASS LINE / COME-WETTE. If the Shooter rolls his or her Point again before rolling a 7, you win your Pass Line or Come bet at a payout rate of 1:1 (you receive the amount of your bet plus winnings worth the bet value). The possible winnings of an Odds Bet depend on the Point value of the player:
- For 4 or 10 Points you win 2:1
- For 5 or 9 Points you win 3:2
- For 6 or 8 Points you win 6:5
For example: You bet $ 10 on Pass Line and the Shooter rolls a 5. You can now bet up to $ 30 (maximum Odds Bet) on 5. If a 5 is then rolled before a 7, you not only receive the winnings from your Pass Line bet ($ 10 bet + $ 10 winnings = $ 20), but you also receive 3:2 winnings for the $ 30 Odds Bet ( $ 30 Bet + $ 45 Winnings = $ 75). This way you receive $ 95 from an original bet of $ 40.
- ODDS BETS after DONT PASS LINE / DONT COME BETS. Of course you can also place an Odds Bet following a bet on Don’t Pass Line or Don’t Come. Players who make an Odds Bet after a Pass Line or Come Bet wager a small value in order to win a larger amount (such as a $ 5 bet to win $ 10). In the case of Odds Bets following Don’t Pass Line or Don’t Come bets this is exactly the opposite: players wager a large amount in order to win a smaller value (such as a $ 10 bet for $ 5 winnings). The payout rate exactly the opposite as above, as the change of rolling a 7 is the most probable outcome:
- For 4 or 10 Points you win 1:2
- For 5 or 9 Points you win 2:3
- For 6 or 8 Points you win 5:6
For example: you place a $ 10 on Don’t Pass Line and the Shooter rolls a 9. You can now place up to another $ 30 on 9. If a 7 is rolled first, you win. You receive 1:1 winnings worth $ 10 for the $ 10 bet and 2:3 winnings worth $ 20 for the $ 30 bet on the number 9. Altogether you receive $ 70 for your original bets worth $ 40.
- PROPOSITION BETS. With Proposition Bets, you can bet on the outcome of the next roll:
|Craps 2 ||The next roll will result in a value of 2||Payout 30:1||House edge: 13.9%|
|Craps 3||The next roll will result in a value of 3||Payout 15:1||House edge: 11.1%|
|Craps 12 ||The next roll will result in a value of 12||Payout 30:1||House edge 13.9%|
|Any Craps||The next roll will result in a value of 2, 3, 12||Payout 7:1||House edge 11.1%|
|Any 7 ||The next roll will result in a value of 7||Payout 4:1||House edge: 16.7%|
|Eleven||The next roll will result in a value of 11||Payout 15:1||House edge: 11.1%|
|Field||The next roll will result in a value of 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12||Payout 1:1 (but if 2 is rolled: 2:1 and if 12 is rolled 3:1); varies from Casino to Casino||House edge: 2.77% - 5.6%|
- HARDWAY BETS. With this betting option, players can bet that the Shooter rolls a 4, 6, 8, or 10 as a double (both dice show identical values), before this number is rolled in another combination or a 7 is rolled.
|Hard 4||Pair of 2's||Payout 7:1 ||House edge: 11.1% |
| Hard 6||Pair of 3's||Payout 9:1 ||House edge: 9.1% |
| Hard 8||Pair of 4's||Payout 9:1 ||House edge: 9.1% |
| Hard 10||Pair of 5's||Payout 7:1 ||House edge: 11.1% |
- PLACE BETS. In most online casinos, Place Bets can not be determined before the Come Out and are identified as “OFF” until the first roll has been made. After the Come Out they are set to “ON” and are included in the game.
- PLACE WIN BETS. In Place Win Bets, players wager that the Shooter will roll a certain value before the next 7 is rolled. The payout rate and house edge depend on the number chosen.
4 Payout 9:5 House edge: 6.67% 5 Payout 7:5 House edge: 4.00% SIX Payout 7:6 House edge: 1.51% 8 Payout 7:6 House edge: 1.51% NINE Payout 7:5 House edge: 4.00% 10 Payout 9:5 House edge: 6.67%
At many tables, you will find the alluring fields “Big 6” and “Big 8” with payout rates of 1:1. However these bets are always offered at the same table with better odds (7:6), so never bet on “Big 6” or “Big 8”.
PLACE LOSE BETS. In Place Lose Bets, players with on dice rolls of 7 and lose if the Shooter rolls his or her point value before a 7, making these bets the opposite of Place Win wagers.
4 Payout 5:11 House edge: 3.03% 5 Payout 5:8 House edge: 2.50% SIX Payout 4:5 House edge: 1.82% 8 Payout 4:5 House edge: 1.82% NINE Payout 5:8 House edge: 2.50% 10 Payout 5:11 House edge: 3.03%
- BUY BETS. In some online casinos Buy Bets are also offered in addition to Place Bets. In these bets, players can buy faire payout rates for a commission of 5% (2:1 for a dice roll of 4 and 10; 3:2 for 5 and 9: 6:5 for 6 and 8). The house advantage adds up to 4.76%, which is better for players in the case of betting on 4 or 10 than Place Bets.
- LAY BETS. Lay Bets are the opposite of Buy Bets. You place your wager on 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 or 10 and win if a 7 is rolled before the number you chose. Once again, as with Buy Bets, you receive Lay Bets at fair odds (1:2 for a roll of 4 or 10; 2:3 for 5 and 9; 5:6 for 6 and 8) at a price of 5% commission. At these rates, the house edge becomes 4% for rolls for rolls of 6 and 8; 3.23% for 5 and 9 and 2.44% for 4 and 10. It’s recommended to place a Lay Bet only if the Shooter rolls a 4 or a 10. In all other cases (roll of 5, 6, 8 or 9), the odds are better to bet a Place Lose wager.
- In most online casinos, bets that have already been placed on the Craps table can also be removed at any time by the player. Exceptions are Pass Line, Don’t Pass Line, Come and Don’t Come bets.
- Decide before the dice have been rolled how much you would like to bet altogether. You should always wager as much of this amount as possible in Odds bets, as these are the most lucrative.
- Back Line: Synonym for “Don’t Pass Line”
- Ballerina Special: The player rolls a double 2 (hard 4)
- Box Cars: The player rolls a double 6
- Craps: The numbers 2, 3 and 12
- Craps Out: The Player rolls a 2, 3 or 12 in the Come Out (Craps)
- Snake Eyes: The Player rolls a double 1
- Square Pair: The Player rolls a double 4 (hard 8)
Craps is a variation of the old English game Hazard, though its exact origins are still a matter of discussion. Supposedly the name Hazard came from French, which referred to the roll of two 1’s, also known as Crabs, later becoming Craps. Some believe the French brought the game to America while others assert it was the British. In any case, the game rules as we know them today came to being in America and that Craps became one of the most popular casino games thanks to its development in gambling metropolises such as Las Vegas and New Orleans. Why not give it a try yourself? In live casinos, often large and loud groups of people will assemble around Craps tables. The fast pace and piles of chips laid out across the table can make it difficult for beginners to keep up with the game. However a large number of online casinos offer online Craps tables where you can get to know the game in the privacy of your own home.